Transport of hazardous materials – basic requirements
The ADR/IATA/IMDG Conventions are international, very detailed regulations used in the transport of dangerous goods, which describes the risks posed by the transport of dangerous goods and how to prevent these risks. The above conventions enable quick and precise determination of transport requirements and contribute to a uniform interpretation of the rules in the field of transport of dangerous goods.
All hazardous materials are divided into 13 hazard classes. Each load must be given a special four-digit UN number that identifies the hazardous properties of the product.
The ADR/IATA/IMDG Conventions also specifies the detailed conditions for the packing/labelling of dangerous goods, and vehicles marking (goods are required to be marked with warning stickers). ADR/IATA/IMDG Conventions determines provisions regarding vehicles and transport as well as requirements for the vehicle crew and all participating persons.
The addressees of the ADR/IATA/IMDG provisions are all participants of the transport, i.e. carriers, producers of hazardous materials and their consignors, designers of packaging and tanks, technical supervision (research and approval units), vehicle manufacturers and recipients of hazardous materials.