18 December 2015
E-liquid manufacturing best practices.
Currently in the EU the regulations regarding the e-liquid manufacturing process as well as e-liquid packaging and transportation of e-liquids are not specified completely.
How do you know if the company you purchase your ready-made-e-liquids from is actually following any standards? Imagine the situation that behind „professional, leading manufacturer” could be 14-year-old kid in his garden shed using old, rusty buckets as nicotine canisters, filling droppers with an old syringe and coughing up mucus all over your precious e-juices.
Since the regulations do not exist, is there a way of verifying the manufacturers? Is there anything You should be looking for?
There is a couple of things You could ask your supplier prior to ordering a batch of e-liquids: there should be certificates available for You to check; bottles, labels, boxes should all have proper markings and should comply with certain norms, of course the best idea is to visit the manufacturing site and see everything with your own eyes.
We at Chemnovatic have devised the internal best practices checklist regarding handling and manufacturing process for all our products. Let’s have a look at the e-liquids checklist to give You the idea of our manufacturing standards.
- Surfaces cleaned with anti-bacterial cleaner at least once a day and on every spill
- The area clear of any potential contaminants (liquid or airborne)
- No food or drinks to be consumed in the production area
Equipmment / machinery
- The production line and all machinery compliant with food and/or pharmaceutical standards
- The machinery calibrated every day, recalibrated every 10 bottles and between production batches
- Tolerances set restrictively for the product to adhere to norms
- The production line exclusive to e-liquids to avoid cross-contamination
- All production operatives trained in nicotine handling
- Every employee with the access to production area must wear proper protection and safety gear
- Eye protection
- Hair net
- Surgical mask
- Pharmaceutical grade gloves
- All open wounds and abrasions have to be properly covered and protected
- All employees must report illnesses and infections to their supervisor
- Any person with discharge from eyes, nose and/or mouth should not enter production area until such symptoms cease
- Confirm nicotine content in the nicotine base prior to mixing
- Confirm nicotine content in finished e-liquid
- Nicotine should comply with the following standards:
- Content – over 99.9%
- Anatabin–Maximum 0.3%
- Beta- nicotyrin– Maximum 0.3%
- Cotinin– Maximum 0.3%
- Myosmin- Maximum 0.3%
- Nornicotin– Maximum 0.3%
- Nicotin N’- oxid– Maximum 0.3%
- Anabasin– Maximum 0.3%
- Unspecified impurities– Maximum 0.1%
- Water- Maximum 0.1%
- PURE PHARMACEUTICAL PROPYLENE GLYCOL (PG) and PURE PHARMACEUTICAL VEGETABLE GLYCERIN (VG) compliant with European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.) and US Pharmacopoeia (USP-NF) standards, PROPANEDIOL – BIO GLYCOL compliant with US Pharmacopoeia (USP-FCC)
- Diacetyl, Acetyl propionyl and Acetoine FREE
- GMO FREE
- Use distilled water only when needed
- Use food grade alcohol
- Ingredients and finished product must be free from:
- Illegal substances and prescription medicines
- Vitamines and dietary supplements
- Artificial colorings
- Packaging should be:
- Labels must contain all required product details and safety warnings
As You can see there are quite a few steps which we take to ensure for our Customer that he receives only the best products. We are constantly improving our standards to achieve the highest possible e-liquid quality on the market.
How does that work in Your company? Do you think enforcing the rules and standards without any government organisation regulating it is good or bad for the industry? Currently there are non government associations and governing bodies in some countries (AEMSA in the USA for example) trying to set standards for e-liquid manufacturing. Should there be an Intertnational Trading Standards Organisation for electronic cigarette liquids that codifies and standardises the manufacturing process around the world? We are looking forward to seeing your input!